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What Is HPV?

HPV stands for human papillomavirus. It’s the most common sexually transmitted infection. HPV is usually harmless and goes away by itself, but some types can lead to cancer or genital warts..

There are different types of HPV. Some can lead to genital warts and others can cause some types of cancer. Each year, around 19,400 women and 12,100 men in the U.S. are affected by cancers that stem from HPV. Vaccines can protect against infection.i .

What is warts.

A wart is a small growth with a rough texture that can appear anywhere on the body. It can look like a solid blister or a small cauliflower.
Warts are caused by viruses in the human papillomavirus (HPV) family.

The appearance of a wart depends on its location on the body and the thickness of the skin.

Palmar warts appear on the hand. Plantar warts affect the feet.

As many as 1 in 3 children and teenagers are estimated to have warts, but only 3 to 5 percent of adults. This is probably because the immune system becomes better able to prevent their development over time.

People with a weakened immune system are more likely to have warts.

How to treat Warts?

All wart treatments are designed to irritate the skin and get the body’s own infection-fighting cells to clear the warts.

Salicylic acid

Most over-the-counter creams, gels, paints, and medicated Band-Aids contain salicylic acid.It is important to protect the skin around the wart before applying this treatment because salicylic acid may destroy healthy skin. Do not apply to the face.Applying petroleum jelly or a corn plaster to the skin around the wart can protect it from damage.Some tips can enhance the effectiveness of this treatment.

Soften the wart by rubbing dead tissue from the surface of the wart weekly using a pumice stone or emery board. Make sure that the pumice stone or emery board is not used on any other part of the body or by another person.
Before applying the medication, soak the wart in water for about 5 minutes.
Treatment is normally applied daily for about 3 months. If the skin becomes sore, treatment should be stopped.

There is a selection of salicylic acid available for purchase online.

Cryotherapy

Freezing liquid, often nitrogen, is sprayed onto the wart, destroying the cells. A blister develops, which eventually scabs and falls off a week or so later.

This treatment must be carried out by a healthcare professional. If the wart is large, this may require a local anesthetic and several sessions.

Pharmacies sell dimethyl-ether or propane spray for self-administration. These should not be used on the face, and they are less effective than cryotherapy that is carried out by a qualified professional.

Surgery

This not common for warts, and there is a risk of scarring. Warts that resolve by themselves do not scar.

Sometimes a doctor may recommend surgery if other treatments have not worked.

Most warts can be shaved off with a surgical razor under local anesthesia.

Doctors may recommend applying a topical cream to the site even after the wart’s removal, to improve the chances of it clearing.

Laser treatment uses a precise laser beam to destroy the wart.

Cantharidin

A doctor may apply a substance containing an extract from an insect called a blister beetle and other chemicals to the warts. The area is then covered with a bandage.

This is painless, but it creates a blister that may be uncomfortable. The blister lifts the wart from the skin, and the doctor removes the dead part of the wart.

Candida antigen shots
The human immune system does not notice a wart, but if the system is stimulated locally, some activated immune cells in the area will recognize it and take action. This procedure leaves no scarring.

This treatment may not be suitable during pregnancy.

Other treatments

If warts do not respond to standard treatments, a dermatologist, or skin specialist, may offer other options.

Immunotherapy attempts to make the patient’s immune system destroy the warts
Bleomycin, or Blenoxane, can be injected into the wart to kill the virus. Bleomycin is also used for treating some types of cancer.
Retinoids, derived from vitamin A, disrupt the wart’s skin cell growth.
Antibiotics are only effective in the case of infection.
Common warts, especially around the fingernails and toenails, may be difficult to eliminate completely or permanently.

If the wart is gone but the virus remains, warts may recur.

One third of children are estimated to have warts, but studies have found that 50 percent of these disappear within a year, and 70 percent are gone after 2 years..

if they do not disappear, or if a wart causes concern, medical help is available.

A doctor will examine the wart, they may ask about family history, and they may take some tissue for tests.

When should I see a doctor?

It is a good idea to see a doctor if the wart:
  • causes pain
  • bleeds easily
  • changes appearance
  • spreads easily to other parts of the body
  • comes back after prior removal
  • appears in an area that leads to constant bumping and bleeding so as to affect daily activities, such as shaving, sports, and so on

Insurance is unlikely to fund cosmetic treatment, but primary care physicians, dermatologists, and podiatrists can all treat warts.

Genital warts are contagious, fleshy growths in the genital or anal area. They are one of the most common types of sexually transmitted infection.They are also known as venereal warts or condylomata acuminata. They are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV), and they are a symptom of HPV.

Genital warts consist of fibrous overgrowths covered by a thickened, outer layer. They can appear around a man’s scrotum, anus, and penis, or a woman’s vulva, cervix, vagina, or anus.They are usually benign, or non-cancerous, but some types can become cancerous in time.

In appearance, genital warts are often flesh-colored or gray swellings. If several cluster together, they may resemble a cauliflower. Some may be too small to be seen by the naked eye.

Gynecologist recommendations for Genital warts

Pap tests and genital warts

A Pap test, also known as a Pap smear, is a procedure to test for cervical cancer in women. The test involves collecting cells from the woman’s cervix. Cervical cancer is a possible complication of HPV infection.

Women should have HPV vaccinations and regular pelvic exams and Pap tests. These can also detect cervical and vaginal changes that may be triggered by the onset of genital warts.

HPV vaccinations do not protect against all types of HPV. Women are advised to continue attending screenings after vaccination.

Laser treatment: An intensive beam of light destroys the wart.

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